当前位置: 牛股配资网 > 配资开户 > 董登新:养老保险省级统筹艰难曲折30年

      董登新:养老保险省级统筹艰难曲折30年

      2020-08-25 0条评论

      养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]艰[jian]难[nan]曲[qu]折[zhe]30年[nian]

      武[wu]汉[han]科[ke]技[ji]大[da]学[xue]文[wen]法[fa]与[yu]经[jing]济[ji]学[xue]院[yuan] 董[dong]登[deng]新[xin]教[jiao]授[shou]

      (中[zhong]国[guo]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]融[rong]50人[ren]论[lun]坛[tan]核[he]心[xin]成[cheng]员[yuan])

      众[zhong]所[suo]周[zhou]知[zhi],我[wo]国[guo]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]是[shi]1951年[nian]建[jian]立[li]的[de],其[qi]基[ji]本[ben]依[yi]据[ju]是[shi]1951年[nian]2月[yue]政[zheng]务[wu]院[yuan]颁[ban]布[bu]的[de]《劳[lao]动[dong]保[bao]险[xian]条[tiao]例[li]》。后[hou]来[lai]在[zai]1958年[nian]和[he]1978年[nian]先[xian]后[hou]作[zuo]过[guo]两[liang]次[ci]修[xiu]改[gai]。20世[shi]纪[ji]80年[nian]代[dai],企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]改[gai]革[ge]的[de]主[zhu]要[yao]内[na]容[rong]是[shi]将[jiang]退[tui]休[xiu]费[fei]用[yong]“企[qi]业[ye]统[tong]筹[chou]”改[gai]为[wei]“社[she]会[hui]统[tong]筹[chou]”,但[dan]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]支[zhi]付[fu]一[yi]直[zhi]仍[reng]由[you]国[guo]家[jia]和[he]企[qi]业[ye]完[wan]全[quan]包[bao]揽[lan],不[bu]用[yong]职[zhi]工[gong]缴[jiao]费[fei]。直[zhi]至[zhi]1991年[nian],我[wo]国[guo]现[xian]代[dai]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]改[gai]革[ge]正[zheng]式[shi]拉[la]开[kai]序[xu]幕[mu]。接[jie]下[xia]来[lai]为[wei]大[da]家[jia]介[jie]绍[shao]"[股[gu]票[piao]弄[long]杠[gong]杆[gan]_杨[yang]方[fang]配[pei]资[zi]开[kai]户[hu]]浅[qian]析[xi]董[dong]登[deng]新[xin]:养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]艰[jian]难[nan]曲[qu]折[zhe]30年[nian]"弄[long]不[bu]懂[dong]的[de]来[lai]掌[zhang]握[wo]下[xia]
      董[dong]登[deng]新[xin]:养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]艰[jian]难[nan]曲[qu]折[zhe]30年[nian]

      一[yi]、1999

      年[nian]号[hao]称[chen]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],其[qi]实[shi]只[zhi]是[shi]建[jian]立[li]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du]

      1991年[nian]6月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]改[gai]革[ge]的[de]决[jue]定[ding]》。该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]首[shou]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“三[san]支[zhi]柱[zhu]”的[de]理[li]念[nian],并[bing]第[di]一[yi]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“三[san]方[fang]负[fu]担[dan]”原[yuan]则[ze]:“改[gai]变[bian]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]完[wan]全[quan]由[you]国[guo]家[jia]、企[qi]业[ye]包[bao]下[xia]来[lai]的[de]办[ban]法[fa],实[shi]行[xing]国[guo]家[jia]、企[qi]业[ye]、个[ge]人[ren]三[san]方[fang]共[gong]同[tong]负[fu]担[dan],职[zhi]工[gong]个[ge]人[ren]也[ye]要[yao]缴[jiao]纳[na]一[yi]定[ding]的[de]费[fei]用[yong]”;该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]首[shou]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]目[mu]标[biao]:“尚[shang]未[wei]实[shi]行[xing]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]地[di]区[qu],要[yao]积[ji]极[ji]创[chuang]造[zao]条[tiao]件[jian],由[you]目[mu]前[qian]的[de]市[shi]、县[xian]统[tong]筹[chou]逐[zhu]步[bu]过[guo]渡[du]到[dao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”。 此[ci]外[wai],该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]还[huai]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]规[gui]定[ding]:企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]只[zhi]能[nen]存[cun]款[kuan]或[huo]购[gou]买[mai]国[guo]债[zhai]。

      不[bu]过[guo],当[dang]时[shi]提[ti]出[chu]的[de]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”,是[shi]指[zhi]在[zai]全[quan]省[sheng]范[fan]围[wei]内[na]、从[cong]制[zhi]度[du]规[gui]范[fan]上[shang]“统[tong]一[yi]”企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]的[de]缴[jiao]费[fei]比[bi]例[li]与[yu]支[zhi]付[fu]标[biao]准[zhun],其[qi]实[shi]质[zhi]仍[reng]是[shi]县[xian](市[shi])统[tong]筹[chou],由[you]县[xian](市[shi])统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi],它[ta]并[bing]不[bu]是[shi]我[wo]们[men]今[jin]天[tian]所[suo]称[chen]的[de]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]的[de]“全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]”。当[dang]时[shi],“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]” 这[zhe]一[yi]特[te]定[ding]概[gai]念[nian]一[yi]直[zhi]沿[yan]用[yong]至[zhi]1998年[nian]。

      1995年[nian]3月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]深[shen]化[hua]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]改[gai]革[ge]的[de]通[tong]知[zhi]》,该[gai]通[tong]知[zhi]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]改[gai]革[ge]的[de]目[mu]标[biao]及[ji]“统[tong]账[zhang]结[jie]合[he]”的[de]模[mo]式[shi]:到[dao]本[ben]世[shi]纪[ji]末[mo],基[ji]本[ben]建[jian]立[li]起[qi]适[shi]应[ying]社[she]会[hui]主[zhu]义[yi]市[shi]场[chang]经[jing]济[ji]体[ti]制[zhi]要[yao]求[qiu],适[shi]用[yong]城[cheng]镇[zhen]各[ge]类[lei]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]和[he]个[ge]体[ti]劳[lao]动[dong]者[zhe],资[zi]金[jin]来[lai]源[yuan]多[duo]渠[qu]道[dao]、保[bao]障[zhang]方[fang]式[shi]多[duo]层[ceng]次[ci]、社[she]会[hui]统[tong]筹[chou]与[yu]个[ge]人[ren]帐[zhang]户[hu]相[xiang]结[jie]合[he]、权[quan]利[li]与[yu]义[yi]务[wu]相[xiang]对[dui]应[ying]、管[guan]理[li]服[fu]务[wu]社[she]会[hui]化[hua]的[de]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]体[ti]系[xi]。基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]应[ying]逐[zhu]步[bu]做[zuo]到[dao]对[dui]各[ge]类[lei]企[qi]业[ye]和[he]劳[lao]动[dong]者[zhe]统[tong]一[yi]制[zhi]度[du]、统[tong]一[yi]标[biao]准[zhun]、统[tong]一[yi]管[guan]理[li]和[he]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]剂[ji]使[shi]用[yong]基[ji]金[jin]。同[tong]时[shi],其[qi]“附[fu]件[jian]”还[huai]指[zhi]出[chu]:社[she]会[hui]统[tong]筹[chou]基[ji]金[jin]发[fa]生[sheng]困[kun]难[nan]时[shi],由[you]同[tong]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]予[yu]以[yi]支[zhi]持[chi],首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]财[cai]政[zheng]对[dui]基[ji]础[chu]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]支[zhi]付[fu]承[cheng]担[dan]兜[dou]底[di]责[ze]任[ren]。

      1997年[nian]7月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]建[jian]立[li]统[tong]一[yi]的[de]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]决[jue]定[ding]》(国[guo]发[fa]1997(26)号[hao]文[wen]),这[zhe]标[biao]志[zhi]着[zhou]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]改[gai]革[ge]试[shi]点[dian]结[jie]束[shu],并[bing]开[kai]始[shi]进[jin]入[ru]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]一[yi]推[tui]广[guang]阶[jie]段[duan]。该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]首[shou]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]的[de]原[yuan]则[ze]是[shi]“只[zhi]能[nen]保[bao]障[zhang]退[tui]休[xiu]人[ren]员[yuan]基[ji]本[ben]生[sheng]活[huo]”,并[bing]再[zai]次[ci]强[qiang]调[diao]了[liao]构[gou]建[jian]“三[san]支[zhi]柱[zhu]”养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]障[zhang]体[ti]系[xi]的[de]政[zheng]策[ce]理[li]念[nian]:要[yao]将[jiang]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]与[yu]建[jian]立[li]多[duo]层[ceng]次[ci]的[de]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]障[zhang]体[ti]系[xi]紧[jin]密[mi]结[jie]合[he]起[qi]来[lai],大[da]力[li]发[fa]展[zhan]企[qi]业[ye]补[bu]充[chong]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian],同[tong]时[shi]发[fa]挥[hui]商[shang]业[ye]保[bao]险[xian]的[de]补[bu]充[chong]作[zuo]用[yong]。这[zhe]是[shi]我[wo]国[guo]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]“定[ding]位[wei]”,它[ta]完[wan]全[quan]符[fu]合[he]国[guo]际[ji]惯[guan]例[li]:基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]不[bu]是[shi]充[chong]分[fen]保[bao]障[zhang],而[er]是[shi]“底[di]线[xian]保[bao]障[zhang]”,因[yin]此[ci],我[wo]们[men]必[bi]须[xu]构[gou]建[jian]三[san]支[zhi]柱[zhu]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]障[zhang]体[ti]系[xi]。此[ci]外[wai],该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]再[zai]次[ci]强[qiang]调[diao]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]工[gong]作[zuo]目[mu]标[biao]:要[yao]逐[zhu]步[bu]由[you]县[xian]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]向[xiang]省[sheng]或[huo]省[sheng]授[shou]权[quan]的[de]地[di]区[qu]统[tong]筹[chou]过[guo]渡[du]。待[dai]全[quan]国[guo]基[ji]本[ben]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]后[hou],原[yuan]经[jing]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]批[pi]准[zhun]由[you]有[you]关[guan]部[bu]门[men]和[he]单[dan]位[wei]组[zu]织[zhi]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]企[qi]业[ye],参[can]加[jia]所[suo]在[zai]地[di]区[qu]的[de]社[she]会[hui]统[tong]筹[chou]。

      1998年[nian]8月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]实[shi]行[xing]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]和[he]行[xing]业[ye]统[tong]筹[chou]移[yi]交[jiao]地[di]方[fang]管[guan]理[li]有[you]关[guan]问[wen]题[ti]的[de]通[tong]知[zhi]》,这[zhe]是[shi]第[di]一[yi]个[ge]专[zhuan]门[men]规[gui]范[fan]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[c股票弄杠杆_杨方配资开户hou]”的[de]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]部[bu]委[wei]文[wen]件[jian]。该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]明[ming]确[que]提[ti]出[chu]:在[zai]1998年[nian]底[di]以[yi]前[qian],各[ge]省[sheng]要[yao]实[shi]行[xing]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],建[jian]立[li]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]机[ji]制[zhi],保[bao]证[zheng]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]在[zai]省[sheng]、区[qu]、市[shi]范[fan]围[wei]内[na]调[diao]剂[ji]使[shi]用[yong];对[dui]发[fa]放[fang]企[qi]业[ye]离[li]退[tui]休[xiu]人[ren]员[yuan]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]确[que]有[you]困[kun]难[nan]的[de]地[di]区[qu],1998年[nian]中[zhong]央[yang]财[cai]政[zheng]给[gei]予[yu]适[shi]当[dang]支[zhi]持[chi]。到[dao]2000年[nian],在[zai]省[sheng]内[na]要[yao]基[ji]本[ben]实[shi]现[xian]统[tong]一[yi]企[qi]业[ye]缴[jiao]纳[na]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]费[fei]比[bi]例[li],统[tong]一[yi]管[guan]理[li]和[he]调[diao]度[du]使[shi]用[yong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin],对[dui]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]险[xian]经[jing]办[ban]机[ji]构[gou]实[shi]行[xing]省[sheng]级[ji]垂[chui]直[zhi]管[guan]理[li]。

      很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]提[ti]出[chu]的[de]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”概[gai]念[nian]比[bi]1991年[nian]又[you]有[you]了[liao]新[xin]含[han]义[yi]:只[zhi]要[yao]建[jian]立[li]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du],就[jiu]算[suan]是[shi]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”。正[zheng]因[yin]如[ru]此[ci],在[zai]《1999年[nian]度[du]劳[lao]动[dong]和[he]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]障[zhang]事[shi]业[ye]发[fa]展[zhan]统[tong]计[ji]公[gong]报[bao]》中[zhong],劳[lao]社[she]部[bu]第[di]一[yi]次[ci]宣[xuan]称[chen]:

      1999

      年[nian]底[di],全[quan]国[guo]有[you]29

      个[ge]省[sheng]、自[zi]治[zhi]区[qu]、直[zhi]辖[xia]市[shi]实[shi]现[xian]了[liao]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]或[huo]建[jian]立[li]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]金[jin]制[zhi]度[du]。

      次[ci]年[nian]又[you]宣[xuan]称[chen]:2000年[nian]底[di],全[quan]国[guo]各[ge]省[sheng]、自[zi]治[zhi]区[qu]、直[zhi]辖[xia]市[shi](除[chu]西[xi]藏[cang]外[wai])均[jun]实[shi]行[xing]了[liao]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]或[huo]建[jian]立[li]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]金[jin]制[zhi]度[du]。从[cong]2002年[nian]开[kai]始[shi]的[de]各[ge]年[nian]统[tong]计[ji]公[gong]报[bao]中[zhong],又[you]删[shan]除[chu]了[liao]这[zhe]一[yi]表[biao]述[shu]。

      2005年[nian]12月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]完[wan]善[shan]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]决[jue]定[ding]》,要[yao]求[qiu]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]加[jia]强[qiang]省[sheng]级[ji]基[ji]金[jin]预[yu]算[suan]管[guan]理[li],明[ming]确[que]省[sheng]、市[shi]、县[xian]各[ge]级[ji]人[ren]民[min]政[zheng]府[fu]的[de]责[ze]任[ren],建[jian]立[li]健[jian]全[quan]省[sheng]级[ji]基[ji]金[jin]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du],加[jia]大[da]基[ji]金[jin]调[diao]剂[ji]力[li]度[du]。在[zai]完[wan]善[shan]市[shi]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]基[ji]础[chu]上[shang],尽[jin]快[kuai]提[ti]高[gao]统[tong]筹[chou]层[ceng]次[ci],实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]。这[zhe]里[li]的[de]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”表[biao]述[shu],仍[reng]是[shi]一[yi]个[ge]模[mo]糊[hu]的[de]概[gai]念[nian]。

      二[er]、2009

      年[nian]号[hao]称[chen]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],却[que]只[zhi]是[shi]名[ming]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]“六[liu]统[tong]一[yi]”

      2007年[nian]1月[yue],劳[lao]社[she]部[bu]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]推[tui]进[jin]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]有[you]关[guan]问[wen]题[ti]的[de]通[tong]知[zhi]》,这[zhe]是[shi]第[di]二[er]个[ge]专[zhuan]门[men]规[gui]范[fan]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]部[bu]委[wei]文[wen]件[jian]。该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]明[ming]确[que]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]工[gong]作[zuo]的[de]重[zhong]点[dian]:尚[shang]未[wei]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]地[di]区[qu],要[yao]统[tong]一[yi]缴[jiao]费[fei]基[ji]数[shu]和[he]比[bi]例[li],规[gui]范[fan]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]计[ji]发[fa]办[ban]法[fa];统[tong]一[yi]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]数[shu]据[ju]库[ku]和[he]业[ye]务[wu]流[liu]程[cheng],为[wei]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]创[chuang]造[zao]条[tiao]件[jian];要[yao]明[ming]确[que]确[que]保[bao]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]发[fa]放[fang]的[de]责[ze]任[ren],健[jian]全[quan]省[sheng]、市[shi]、县[xian]三[san]级[ji]基[ji]金[jin]缺[que]口[kou]分[fen]担[dan]机[ji]制[zhi];完[wan]善[shan]全[quan]省[sheng]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]支[zhi]预[yu]算[suan]管[guan]理[li]制[zhi]度[du],增[zeng]强[qiang]预[yu]算[suan]编[bian]制[zhi]的[de]科[ke]学[xue]性[xing]和[he]合[he]理[li]性[xing],逐[zhu]步[bu]实[shi]现[xian]在[zai]全[quan]省[sheng]范[fan]围[wei]内[na]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]度[du]和[he]使[shi]用[yong]基[ji]金[jin];推[tui]进[jin]和[he]规[gui]范[fan]市[shi]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],积[ji]极[ji]创[chuang]造[zao]条[tiao]件[jian],向[xiang]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]过[guo]渡[du];有[you]条[tiao]件[jian]的[de]地[di]区[qu],要[yao]积[ji]极[ji]实[shi]行[xing]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]险[xian]经[jing]办[ban]机[ji]构[gou]垂[chui]直[zhi]管[guan]理[li]。

      在[zai]该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]的[de]附[fu]件[jian]中[zhong],首[shou]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]标[biao]准[zhun]”,也[ye]就[jiu]是[shi]人[ren]们[men]常[chang]说[shuo]的[de]“六[liu]统[tong]一[yi]”标[biao]准[zhun]。

      其[qi]中[zhong]第[di]四[si]项[xiang],也[ye]就[jiu]是[shi]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]使[shi]用[yong]的[de]统[tong]一[yi],它[ta]表[biao]述[shu]为[wei]“基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]由[you]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]度[du]使[shi]用[yong],实[shi]行[xing]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi],由[you]省[sheng]级[ji]直[zhi]接[jie]管[guan]理[li]”。不[bu]过[guo],很[hen]可[ke]惜[xi],它[ta]只[zhi]是[shi]强[qiang]调[diao]了[liao]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]度[du]”,却[que]淡[dan]化[hua]了[liao]“全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]”,

      它[ta]甚[shen]至[zhi]提[ti]出[chu]了[liao]一[yi]个[ge]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]妥[tuo]协[xie]方[fang]案[an]:“现[xian]阶[jie]段[duan]也[ye]可[ke]采[cai]取[qu]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]一[yi]核[he]算[suan]、省[sheng]和[he]地[di](市[shi])两[liang]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji],结[jie]余[yu]基[ji]金[jin]由[you]省[sheng]级[ji]授[shou]权[quan]地[di](市[shi])、县[xian]管[guan]理[li]的[de]方[fang]式[shi],其[qi]中[zhong],中[zhong]央[yang]财[cai]政[zheng]、省[sheng]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]助[zhu]资[zi]金[jin]和[he]上[shang]解[jie]的[de]调[diao]剂[ji]金[jin]由[you]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]剂[ji]使[shi]用[yong]”。很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],这[zhe]是[shi]一[yi]个[ge]妥[tuo]协[xie]、降[jiang]级[ji]版[ban]的[de]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],其[qi]实[shi]质[zhi]仍[reng]是[shi]强[qiang]调[diao]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]。

      正[zheng]是[shi]根[gen]据[ju]这[zhe]一[yi]“妥[tuo]协[xie]版[ban]”省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]制[zhi]度[du]安[an]排[pai],在[zai]《

      2009

      年[nian]度[du]人[ren]力[li]资[zi]源[yuan]和[he]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]障[zhang]事[shi]业[ye]发[fa]展[zhan]统[tong]计[ji]公[gong]报[bao]》中[zhong],这[zhe]是[shi]继[ji]劳[lao]社[she]部[bu]1999

      年[nian]首[shou]次[ci]宣[xuan]布[bu]全[quan]国[guo]实[shi]行[xing]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]后[hou],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]再[zai]次[ci]宣[xuan]称[chen]全[quan]国[guo]实[shi]行[xing]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]:

      “截[jie]止[zhi]2009年[nian]底[di],全[quan]国[guo] 31 个[ge]省[sheng]份[fen]和[he]新[xin]疆[jiang]生[sheng]产[chan]建[jian]设[she]兵[bing]团[tuan]已[yi]建[jian]立[li]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]制[zhi]度[du]。”这[zhe]一[yi]表[biao]述[shu]后[hou]来[lai]一[yi]直[zhi]出[chu]现[xian]在[zai]各[ge]年[nian]的[de]《人[ren]力[li]资[zi]源[yuan]和[he]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]障[zhang]事[shi]业[ye]发[fa]展[zhan]统[tong]计[ji]公[gong]报[bao]》中[zhong],直[zhi]至[zhi]2015年[nian]才[cai]删[shan]除[chu]这[zhe]一[yi]表[biao]述[shu]。实[shi]际[ji]上[shang],这[zhe]里[li]所[suo]说[shuo]的[de]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”,很[hen]容[rong]易[yi]让[rang]人[ren]产[chan]生[sheng]误[wu]解[jie],其[qi]实[shi],它[ta]仍[reng]指[zhi]省[sheng]级[ji]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]设[she]立[li],并[bing]非[fei]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]“全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]”,这[zhe]一[yi]模[mo]糊[hu]概[gai]念[nian]一[yi]直[zhi]沿[yan]用[yong]至[zhi]2017年[nian]。

      事[shi]实[shi]上[shang],自[zi]1997年[nian]我[wo]国[guo]全[quan]面[mian]推[tui]行[xing]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]以[yi]来[lai]的[de]相[xiang]当[dang]长[chang]一[yi]段[duan]时[shi]间[jian],“制[zhi]度[du]扩[kuo]面[mian]”一[yi]直[zhi]是[shi]建[jian]立[li]在[zai]县[xian](市[shi])统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]基[ji]础[chu]上[shang],并[bing]由[you]县[xian](市[shi])一[yi]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]分[fen]散[san]承[cheng]担[dan]了[liao]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]支[zhi]付[fu]的[de]压[ya]力[li],而[er]省[sheng]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]只[zhi]是[shi]借[jie]用[yong]全[quan]省[sheng]调[diao]剂[ji]机[ji]制[zhi]在[zai]各[ge]县[xian](市[shi])之[zhi]间[jian]进[jin]行[xing]余[yu]缺[que]平[ping]衡[heng]。然[ran]而[er],如[ru]果[guo]一[yi]旦[dan]真[zhen]正[zheng]实[shi]现[xian]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi],则[ze]意[yi]味[wei]着[zhou]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]的[de]兜[dou]底[di]责[ze]任[ren]就[jiu]会[hui]转[zhuan]移[yi]并[bing]压[ya]实[shi]到[dao]省[sheng]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]身[shen]上[shang],而[er]县[xian](市[shi])政[zheng]府[fu]就[jiu]可[ke]以[yi]抽[chou]身[shen]出[chu]来[lai],并[bing]可[ke]以[yi]不[bu]再[zai]承[cheng]担[dan]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]的[de]直[zhi]接[jie]责[ze]任[ren],因[yin]此[ci],省[sheng]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]对[dui]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”既[ji]有[you]财[cai]政[zheng]压[ya]力[li],也[ye]有[you]心[xin]理[li]负[fu]担[dan],当[dang]然[ran]就[jiu]会[hui]缺[que]乏[fa]积[ji]极[ji]性[xing],这[zhe]正[zheng]是[shi]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”推[tui]进[jin]如[ru]此[ci]缓[huan]慢[man]而[er]艰[jian]难[nan]的[de]真[zhen]正[zheng]原[yuan]因[yin]。

      1997年[nian]底[di],我[wo]国[guo]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]滚[gun]存[cun]结[jie]余[yu]不[bu]足[zu]500亿[yi]元[yuan]。自[zi]1998年[nian]起[qi],各[ge]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]就[jiu]开[kai]始[shi]对[dui]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]进[jin]行[xing]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]。2003年[nian]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]530亿[yi]元[yuan],占[zhan]当[dang]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]14.4%;在[zai]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]中[zhong],中[zhong]央[yang]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]约[yue]占[zhan]九[jiu]成[cheng],达[da]474.3亿[yi]元[yuan]。2006年[nian]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]971亿[yi]元[yuan],其[qi]中[zhong],中[zhong]央[yang]与[yu]地[di]方[fang]财[cai]政[zheng]预[yu]算[suan]安[an]排[pai]分[fen]担[dan]比[bi]例[li]大[da]约[yue]为[wei]8:2。

      2015年[nian]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]城[cheng]镇[zhen]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]4716亿[yi]元[yuan],占[zhan]当[dan股票弄杠杆_杨方配资开户g]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]比[bi]重[zhong]提[ti]高[gao]至[zhi]16.07%;2016年[nian]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]城[cheng]镇[zhen]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]6511亿[yi]元[yuan],占[zhan]当[dang]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]比[bi]重[zhong]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]上[shang]升[sheng]至[zhi]18.57%;2017年[nian]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]城[cheng]镇[zhen]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]8004亿[yi]元[yuan],占[zhan]当[dang]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]比[bi]重[zhong]为[wei]18.48%。

      由[you]此[ci]可[ke]见[jian],在[zai]过[guo]去[qu]20年[nian]间[jian](1997-2017),征[zheng]缴[jiao]收[shou]入[ru]占[zhan]当[dang]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]比[bi]重[zhong]不[bu]断[duan]降[jiang]低[di],而[er]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]占[zhan]当[dang]年[nian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]的[de]比[bi]重[zhong]却[que]在[zai]不[bu]断[duan]升[sheng]高[gao]。这[zhe]表[biao]明[ming]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]城[cheng]镇[zhen]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]的[de]压[ya]力[li]正[zheng]在[zai]不[bu]断[duan]上[shang]升[sheng]。

      即[ji]便[bian]如[ru]此[ci],在[zai]计[ji]入[ru]各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]后[hou],2014年[nian]全[quan]国[guo]仍[reng]有[you]3个[ge]省[sheng]份[fen]出[chu]现[xian]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]当[dang]年[nian]收[shou]不[bu]抵[di]支[zhi]的[de]“养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]缺[que]口[kou]”现[xian]象[xiang];2016年[nian]这[zhe]一[yi]现[xian]象[xiang]扩[kuo]展[zhan]至[zhi]黑[hei]龙[long]江[jiang]、吉[ji]林[lin]、辽[liao]宁[ning]、河[he]北[bei]、内[na]蒙[meng]古[gu]、湖[hu]北[bei]、青[qing]海[hai]等[deng]7个[ge]省[sheng]份[fen],而[er]且[qie]黑[hei]龙[long]江[jiang]首[shou]次[ci]出[chu]现[xian]基[ji]金[jin]“穿[chuan]底[di]”,账[zhang]面[mian]赤[chi]字[zi]高[gao]达[da]200多[duo]亿[yi]元[yuan];2017年[nian]全[quan]国[guo]共[gong]有[you]10多[duo]个[ge]省[sheng]份[fen]出[chu]现[xian]了[liao]当[dang]年[nian]收[shou]不[bu]抵[di]支[zhi]的[de]情[qing]形[xing]。

      三[san]、2017

      年[nian]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]真[zhen]正[zheng]的[de]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]:本[ben]质[zhi]是[shi]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]

      2017年[nian]9月[yue],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]、财[cai]政[zheng]部[bu]联[lian]合[he]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]完[wan]善[shan]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]通[tong]知[zhi]》,这[zhe]是[shi]第[di]三[san]个[ge]专[zhuan]门[men]规[gui]范[fan]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]部[bu]委[wei]文[wen]件[jian]。该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]实[shi]质[zhi]是[shi]“全[quan]省[sheng]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]”, 文[wen]件[jian]明[ming]确[que]指[zhi]出[chu]:各[ge]地[di]要[yao]在[zai]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]制[zhi]度[du]、缴[jiao]费[fei]政[zheng]策[ce]、待[dai]遇[yu]政[zheng]策[ce]、基[ji]金[jin]使[shi]用[yong]、基[ji]金[jin]预[yu]算[suan]和[he]经[jing]办[ban]管[guan]理[li]实[shi]现[xian]“六[liu]统[tong]一[yi]”的[de]基[ji]础[chu]上[shang],积[ji]极[ji]创[chuang]造[zao]条[tiao]件[jian]实[shi]现[xian]全[quan]省[sheng]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]。很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],这[zhe]是[shi]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]第[di]一[yi]次[ci]准[zhun]确[que]地[di]将[jiang]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]实[shi]质[zhi]理[li]解[jie]为[wei]“全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]”,这[zhe]才[cai]是[shi]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]正[zheng]确[que]表[biao]达[da]。

      按[an]此[ci]标[biao]准[zhun],此[ci]前[qian]仅[jin]有[you]北[bei]京[jing]、上[shang]海[hai]、天[tian]津[jin]、陕[shan]西[xi]和[he]福[fu]建[jian]等[deng]地[di]实[shi]现[xian]了[liao]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]省股票弄杠杆_杨方配资开户[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]。

      人[ren]社[she]部[bu]在[zai]这[zhe]一[yi]文[wen]件[jian]中[zhong]首[shou]次[ci]承[cheng]认[ren],目[mu]前[qian]我[wo]国[guo]大[da]多[duo]数[shu]省[sheng]份[fen]的[de]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]尚[shang]未[wei]实[shi]现[xian]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”,甚[shen]至[zhi]还[huai]有[you]一[yi]些[xie]省[sheng]份[fen]就[jiu]连[lian]费[fei]率[lv]都[du]没[mei]有[you]统[tong]一[yi],何[he]来[lai]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]?因[yin]此[ci],在[zai]该[gai]文[wen]件[jian]中[zhong]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]首[shou]次[ci]提[ti]出[chu]要[yao]制[zhi]定[ding]过[guo]渡[du]措[cuo]施[shi],最[zui]迟[chi]2020年[nian]实[shi]现[xian]全[quan]省[sheng]费[fei]率[lv]统[tong]一[yi];在[zai]确[que]定[ding]个[ge]人[ren]缴[jiao]费[fei]上[shang]下[xia]限[xian]基[ji]数[shu]等[deng]参[can]数[shu]时[shi],目[mu]前[qian]尚[shang]未[wei]使[shi]用[yong]全[quan]省[sheng]在[zai]岗[gang]职[zhi]工[gong]平[ping]均[jun]工[gong]资[zi]的[de],要[yao]制[zhi]定[ding]过[guo]渡[du]措[cuo]施[shi],尽[jin]快[kuai]实[shi]现[xian]统[tong]一[yi];要[yao]明[ming]确[que]省[sheng]、地[di](市[shi])、县[xian]各[ge]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]的[de]责[ze]任[ren],进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]强[qiang]化[hua]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]支[zhi]管[guan]理[li],要[yao]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]建[jian]立[li]健[jian]全[quan]省[sheng]内[na]基[ji]金[jin]缺[que]口[kou]分[fen]担[dan]机[ji]制[zhi]。这[zhe]才[cai]是[shi]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]完[wan]整[zheng]内[na]涵[han]。

      也[ye]就[jiu]是[shi]说[shuo],直[zhi]至[zhi]2017年[nian],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]才[cai]开[kai]始[shi]真[zhen]正[zheng]将[jiang]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]的[de]工[gong]作[zuo]重[zhong]心[xin]从[cong]“制[zhi]度[du]扩[kuo]面[mian]”转[zhuan]向[xiang]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”。此[ci]前[qian]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“制[zhi]度[du]扩[kuo]面[mian]”工[gong]作[zuo],主[zhu]要[yao]包[bao]括[kuo]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]“参[can]保[bao]扩[kuo]面[mian]”,以[yi]及[ji]2009年[nian]增[zeng]设[she]“新[xin]农[nong]保[bao]”,2011年[nian]增[zeng]设[she]城[cheng]镇[zhen]居[ji]民[min]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian],2015年[nian]机[ji]关[guan]事[shi]业[ye]单[dan]位[wei]“养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]并[bing]轨[gui]”改[gai]革[ge],2015年[nian]8月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]投[tou]资[zi]管[guan]理[li]办[ban]法[fa]》,这[zhe]标[biao]志[zhi]着[zhou]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]只[zhi]能[nen]存[cun]款[kuan]或[huo]购[gou]买[mai]国[guo]债[zhai]的[de]历[li]史[shi]终[zhong]结[jie]。

      尤[you]其[qi]自[zi]2015年[nian]下[xia]半[ban]年[nian]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]开[kai]启[qi]“社[she]保[bao]降[jiang]费[fei]”新[xin]政[zheng]以[yi]来[lai],职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]收[shou]支[zhi]平[ping]衡[heng]压[ya]力[li]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]增[zeng]大[da]。2016年[nian]全[quan]国[guo]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]统[tong]一[yi]从[cong]20%下[xia]调[diao]至[zhi]19%;2019年[nian]全[quan]国[guo]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]再[zai]次[ci]大[da]幅[fu]下[xia]降[jiang]至[zhi]16%。据[ju]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]统[tong]计[ji],截[jie]止[zhi]2019年[nian]底[di],五[wu]年[nian]来[lai]社[she]会[hui]保[bao]险[xian]减[jian]费[fei]累[lei]计[ji]近[jin]万[wan]亿[yi]元[yuan],其[qi]中[zhong],企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]减[jian]费[fei]占[zhan]大[da]头[tou]。2019年[nian]全[quan]国[guo]城[cheng]镇[zhen]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]收[shou]入[ru]增[zeng]速[su]首[shou]次[ci]跌[die]破[po]10%,比[bi]上[shang]年[nian]同[tong]期[qi]仅[jin]增[zeng]长[chang]了[liao]3.4%,这[zhe]无[wu]疑[yi]会[hui]直[zhi]接[jie]加[jia]大[da]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]收[shou]支[zhi]平[ping]衡[heng]压[ya]力[li]及[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]压[ya]力[li]。

      2020年[nian]受[shou]新[xin]冠[guan]肺[fei]炎[yan]疫[yi]情[qing]影[ying]响[xiang],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]、财[cai]政[zheng]部[bu]及[ji]税[shui]务[wu]总[zong]局[ju]联[lian]合[he]发[fa]布[bu]企[qi]业[ye]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]、失[shi]业[ye]保[bao]险[xian]、工[gong]伤[shang]保[bao]险[xian]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]减[jian]免[mian]政[zheng]策[ce]实[shi]施[shi]期[qi]限[xian]:全[quan]国[guo]所[suo]有[you]中[zhong]小[xiao]微[wei]企[qi]业[ye]缴[jiao]费[fei]“豁[huo]免[mian]期[qi]”为[wei]2020年[nian]2月[yue]至[zhi]12月[yue](共[gong]11个[ge]月[yue]);湖[hu]北[bei]省[sheng]大[da]中[zhong]型[xing]企[qi]业[ye]缴[jiao]费[fei]豁[huo]免[mian]期[qi]为[wei]2月[yue]至[zhi]6月[yue](共[gong]5个[ge]月[yue]);湖[hu]北[bei]以[yi]外[wai]各[ge]省[sheng]的[de]大[da]型[xing]企[qi]业[ye]减[jian]半[ban]缴[jiao]费[fei]“优[you]惠[hui]期[qi]”为[wei]2020年[nian]2月[yue]至[zhi]6月[yue](共[gong]5个[ge]月[yue])。很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],阶[jie]段[duan]性[xing]减[jian]免[mian]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]将[jiang]可[ke]能[nen]导[dao]致[zhi]2020年[nian]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]的[de]严[yan]重[zhong]“减[jian]收[shou]”,各[ge]级[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]的[de]规[gui]模[mo]也[ye]会[hui]倍[bei]增[zeng]放[fang]大[da]。据[ju]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]统[tong]计[ji],2020年[nian]仅[jin]第[di]一[yi]季[ji]度[du],企[qi]业[ye]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]减[jian]免[mian]缴[jiao]费[fei]高[gao]达[da]2184亿[yi]元[yuan]。

      事[shi]实[shi]上[shang],职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]除[chu]了[liao]上[shang]述[shu]基[ji]金[jin]“减[jian]收[shou]”及[ji]财[cai]政[zheng]补[bu]贴[tie]压[ya]力[li]外[wai],随[sui]着[zhou]我[wo]国[guo]人[ren]口[kou]老[lao]龄[ling]化[hua]不[bu]断[duan]加[jia]剧[ju],地[di]区[qu]间[jian]抚[fu]养[yang]比[bi]差[cha]距[ju]扩[kuo]大[da],省[sheng]际[ji]之[zhi]间[jian]基[ji]金[jin]不[bu]平[ping]衡[heng]的[de]问[wen]题[ti]日[ri]益[yi]严[yan]重[zhong]。我[wo]国[guo]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]主[zhu]要[yao]集[ji]中[zhong]在[zai]广[guang]东[dong]、北[bei]京[jing]、江[jiang]苏[su]、浙[zhe]江[jiang]、上[shang]海[hai]等[deng]发[fa]达[da]地[di]区[qu],而[er]东[dong]北[bei]及[ji]中[zhong]西[xi]部[bu]地[di]区[qu]的[de]一[yi]些[xie]省[sheng]份[fen]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]相[xiang]对[dui]较[jiao]少[shao],基[ji]金[jin]运[yun]行[xing]面[mian]临[lin]较[jiao]大[da]压[ya]力[li]。省[sheng]际[ji]之[zhi]间[jian]基[ji]金[jin]不[bu]平[ping]衡[heng]问[wen]题[ti]靠[kao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]已[yi]难[nan]以[yi]解[jie]决[jue],需[xu]要[yao]进[jin]一[yi]步[bu]提[ti]高[gao]统[tong]筹[chou]层[ceng]次[ci],并[bing]在[zai]全[quan]国[guo]范[fan]围[wei]互[hu]助[zhu]共[gong]济[ji]、调[diao]剂[ji]余[yu]缺[que]。

      正[zheng]因[yin]如[ru]此[ci],2017

      年[nian]10

      月[yue],中[zhong]共[gong]十[shi]九[jiu]大[da]报[bao]告[gao]首[shou]次[ci]明[ming]确[que]提[ti]出[chu]要[yao]“尽[jin]快[kuai]实[shi]现[xian]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]”。

      很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],这[zhe]里[li]的[de]“尽[jin]快[kuai]”二[er]字[zi]充[chong]分[fen]表[biao]明[ming]:实[shi]现[xian]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou],已[yi]迫[po]在[zai]眉[mei]睫[jie]、刻[ke]不[bu]容[rong]缓[huan]。

      四[si]、2020

      年[nian]底[di]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]能[nen]否[fu]真[zhen]正[zheng]实[shi]现[xian]?

      为[wei]配[pei]套[tao]推[tui]进[jin]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]改[gai]革[ge],2017年[nian]11月[yue]9日[ri]国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《划[hua]转[zhuan]部[bu]分[fen]国[guo]有[you]资[zi]本[ben]充[chong]实[shi]社[she]保[bao]基[ji]金[jin]实[shi]施[shi]方[fang]案[an]》,要[yao]求[qiu]整[zheng]个[ge]国[guo]资[zi]划[hua]转[zhuan]工[gong]作[zuo]将[jiang]在[zai]2020年[nian]底[di]前[qian]基[ji]本[ben]完[wan]成[cheng],并[bing]以[yi]此[ci]偿[chang]还[huai]“视[shi]同[tong]缴[jiao]费[fei]”的[de]转[zhuan]制[zhi]成[cheng]本[ben]及[ji]历[li]史[shi]欠[qian]账[zhang]。很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],这[zhe]是[shi]实[shi]现[xian]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]的[de]重[zhong]要[yao]物[wu]质[zhi]基[ji]础[chu]。

      由[you]于[yu]我[wo]国[guo]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]尚[shang]未[wei]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],因[yin]此[ci],有[you]必[bi]要[yao]建[jian]立[li]中[zhong]央[yang]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du],加[jia]快[kuai]实[shi]现[xian]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”。2018年[nian]6月[yue],国[guo]务[wu]院[yuan]发[fa]布[bu]《关[guan]于[yu]建[jian]立[li]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]中[zhong]央[yang]调[diao]剂[ji]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]通[tong]知[zhi]》,自[zi]2018年[nian]7月[yue]1日[ri]起[qi]实[shi]施[shi]。在[zai]该[gai]通[tong]知[zhi]答[da]记[ji]者[zhe]问[wen]环[huan]节[jie],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]明[ming]确[que]提[ti]出[chu]:我[wo]国[guo]将[jiang]加[jia]快[kuai]完[wan]善[shan]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]制[zhi]度[du],推[tui]进[jin]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]工[gong]作[zuo],2020年[nian]要[yao]全[quan]面[mian]实[shi]现[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],为[wei]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]打[da]好[hao]基[ji]础[chu]。

      由[you]此[ci]可[ke]见[jian],2020年[nian]底[di]是[shi]一[yi]个[ge]重[zhong]要[yao]的[de]时[shi]间[jian]节[jie]点[dian],它[ta]要[yao]求[qiu]在[zai]2020年[nian]底[di]前[qian]全[quan]面[mian]实[shi]现[xian]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],并[bing]全[quan]面[mian]完[wan]成[cheng]国[guo]资[zi]划[hua]转[zhuan]充[chong]实[shi]社[she]保[bao]基[ji]金[jin]的[de]工[gong]作[zuo]。这[zhe]将[jiang]为[wei]2021年[nian]开[kai]始[shi]切[qie]换[huan]至[zhi]“全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]”奠[dian]定[ding]重[zhong]要[yao]的[de]制[zhi]度[du]基[ji]础[chu]和[he]物[wu]质[zhi]准[zhun]备[bei]。大[da]家[jia]猜[cai]一[yi]猜[cai]:即[ji]便[bian]在[zai]

      2020

      年[nian]底[di]我[wo]国[guo]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]完[wan]全[quan]实[shi]现[xian]了[liao]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],那[na]么[me],最[zui]终[zhong]正[zheng]式[shi]切[qie]换[huan]至[zhi]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]筹[chou]模[mo]式[shi]还[huai]需[xu]要[yao]多[duo]久[jiu]?

      在[zai]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]2020年[nian]第[di]一[yi]季[ji]度[du]新[xin]闻[wen]发[fa]布[bu]会[hui]上[shang],人[ren]社[she]部[bu]介[jie]绍[shao],截[jie]止[zhi]2020年[nian]第[di]一[yi]季[ji]度[du]末[mo],已[yi]有[you]20个[ge]省[sheng]份[fen]实[shi]现[xian]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou](全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi])。

      实[shi]际[ji]上[shang],在[zai]2017年[nian]9月[yue]前[qian],已[yi]有[you]北[bei]京[jing]、上[shang]海[hai]、天[tian]津[jin]、陕[shan]西[xi]、福[fu]建[jian]、广[guang]东[dong]宣[xuan]称[chen]实[shi]行[xing]了[liao]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou](全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi])。2017年[nian]9月[yue]至[zhi]2020年[nian]3月[yue]底[di],江[jiang]苏[su]、贵[gui]州[zhou]、湖[hu]南[nan]、宁[ning]夏[xia]、黑[hei]龙[long]江[jiang]、河[he]北[bei]、安[an]徽[hui]、广[guang]西[xi]、山[shan]西[xi]、山[shan]东[dong]、吉[ji]林[lin]、辽[liao]宁[ning]、甘[gan]肃[su]等[deng]省[sheng]市[shi]先[xian]后[hou]宣[xuan]布[bu]正[zheng]式[shi]开[kai]始[shi]实[shi]行[xing]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]上[shang]的[de]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou](全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi])。

      但[dan]令[ling]人[ren]费[fei]解[jie]的[de]是[shi],广[guang]东[dong]宣[xuan]称[chen]的[de]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]方[fang]案[an]却[que]只[zhi]是[shi]“地[di]级[ji]市[shi]统[tong]筹[chou]”,而[er]江[jiang]苏[su]则[ze]保[bao]守[shou]地[di]宣[xuan]称[chen]要[yao]到[dao]2022

      年[nian]1

      月[yue]1

      日[ri]才[cai]能[nen]实[shi]行[xing]真[zhen]正[zheng]意[yi]义[yi]的[de]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou],这[zhe]两[liang]省[sheng]却[que]都[du]是[shi]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]最[zui]多[duo]的[de]省[sheng]份[fen]。这[zhe]足[zu]以[yi]表[biao]明[ming]省[sheng]政[zheng]府[fu]对[dui]“省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”的[de]积[ji]极[ji]性[xing]并[bing]不[bu]高[gao],你[ni]知[zhi]道[dao]原[yuan]因[yin]吗[ma]?

      2017年[nian]6月[yue]30日[ri]广[guang]东[dong]省[sheng]政[zheng]府[fu]发[fa]布[bu]《广[guang]东[dong]省[sheng]完[wan]善[shan]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]实[shi]施[shi]方[fang]案[an]》,其[qi]实[shi]质[zhi]是[shi]“市[shi]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]”,其[qi]主[zhu]要[yao]文[wen]件[jian]依[yi]据[ju]是[shi]:从[cong]2017年[nian]7月[yue]1日[ri]起[qi],广[guang]东[dong]全[quan]省[sheng]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]在[zai]全[quan]省[sheng]范[fan]围[wei]内[na]统[tong]一[yi]调[diao]度[du]和[he]使[shi]用[yong],实[shi]行[xing]统[tong]一[yi]核[he]算[suan]、分[fen]级[ji]存[cun]放[fang]、等[deng]比[bi]调[diao]拨[bo]。所[suo]谓[wei]“分[fen]级[ji]存[cun]放[fang]”,它[ta]的[de]解[jie]释[shi]是[shi]由[you]市[shi]级[ji]政[zheng]府[fu]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi],而[er]不[bu]是[shi]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]收[shou]统[tong]支[zhi]。更[geng]何[he]况[kuang],广[guang]东[dong]全[quan]省[sheng]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]比[bi]例[li]仍[reng]不[bu]统[tong]一[yi],广[guang]东[dong]人[ren]社[she]厅[ting]要[yao]求[qiu]自[zi]2019年[nian]5月[yue]1日[ri]起[qi],凡[fan]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]比[bi]例[li]为[wei]13%的[de]市[shi],在[zai]2020年[nian]底[di]前[qian]将[jiang]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]比[bi]例[li]调[diao]整[zheng]为[wei]14%,而[er]此[ci]时[shi]全[quan]国[guo]统[tong]一[yi]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]标[biao]准[zhun]却[que]是[shi]16%。

      此[ci]外[wai],2020年[nian]6月[yue]2日[ri],江[jiang]苏[su]省[sheng]政[zheng]府[fu]发[fa]布[bu]《省[sheng]政[zheng]府[fu]关[guan]于[yu]规[gui]范[fan]企[qi]业[ye]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]制[zhi]度[du]的[de]意[yi]见[jian]》,却[que]提[ti]出[chu]从[cong]2021年[nian]1月[yue]1日[ri]起[qi],各[ge]级[ji]税[shui]务[wu]部[bu]门[men]当[dang]期[qi]征[zheng]收[shou]的[de]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]费[fei]作[zuo]为[wei]省[sheng]级[ji]收[shou]入[ru]直[zhi]接[jie]解[jie]缴[jiao]同[tong]级[ji]国[guo]库[ku],并[bing]由[you]省[sheng]统[tong]一[yi]管[guan]理[li]和[he]调[diao]度[du]使[shi]用[yong]累[lei]计[ji]结[jie]余[yu]基[ji]金[jin];苏[su]州[zhou]工[gong]业[ye]园[yuan]区[qu]在[zai]2022年[nian]1月[yue]1日[ri]前[qian]逐[zhu]步[bu]过[guo]渡[du]到[dao]执[zhi]行[xing]全[quan]省[sheng]统[tong]一[yi]的[de]单[dan]位[wei]缴[jiao]费[fei]比[bi]例[li],统[tong]一[yi]全[quan]省[sheng]缴[jiao]费[fei]工[gong]资[zi]基[ji]数[shu]上[shang]下[xia]限[xian]标[biao]准[zhun]。很[hen]显[xian]然[ran],江[jiang]苏[su]实[shi]行[xing]省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]时[shi]间[jian]已[yi]远[yuan]落[luo]后[hou]于[yu]人[ren]社[she]部[bu]的[de]统[tong]一[yi]要[yao]求[qiu]。

      最[zui]后[hou]提[ti]示[shi]:广[guang]东[dong]、浙[zhe]江[jiang]、江[jiang]苏[su]都[du]是[shi]职[zhi]工[gong]基[ji]本[ben]养[yang]老[lao]保[bao]险[xian]基[ji]金[jin]结[jie]余[yu]最[zui]多[duo]的[de]省[sheng]份[fen],但[dan]它[ta]们[men]对[dui]养[yang]老[lao]金[jin]委[wei]托[tuo]投[tou]资[zi]并[bing]不[bu]太[tai]感[gan]兴[xing]趣[qu],也[ye]没[mei]有[you]多[duo]大[da]积[ji]极[ji]性[xing]。你[ni]知[zhi]道[dao]其[qi]中[zhong]原[yuan]因[yin]吗[ma]?

      (注[zhu]:省[sheng]级[ji]统[tong]筹[chou]为[wei]何[he]如[ru]此[ci]之[zhi]难[nan]?还[huai]有[you]下[xia]文[wen],请[qing]读[du]者[zhe]继[ji]续[xu]关[guan]注[zhu]。)


      想必各位已经知道"[股票弄杠杆_杨方配资开户]浅析董登新:养老保险省级统筹艰难曲折30年"了吧?已经在上文为大家做出了讲解,相信各位在看完之后一定能够明白了吧

      转载请注明来自,本文标题:董登新:养老保险省级统筹艰难曲折30年
      本文地址:/peizikaihu/5144.html

      标签: 股票弄杠杆_杨方配资开户

            我们需要您来参与下,来添加一个评论吧(●''●)

            评论框
            验证码: 看不清?点击更换

            注:网友评论仅供其表达个人看法,并不代表本站立场。

                • 关于我

                  广告位合作请加3087857,或扫二维码

                  搜索
                  同类文章
                  配资tag
                  最新评论
                  友情链接
                  • 股票配资平台